State Status: SC - Special Concern (rare or uncertain; not legally protected) Woodland jumping mice have a basal metabolic rate of 1.8 ml O2/g hr. Damages:Voles may cause extensive damage to orchards, ornamentals,and tree plantings by gnawing on the bark of seedlings and mature trees (girdling). Their strong snouts are adapted to rooting through woodland soil, while wiry brown hair helps them blend in among the trees. Valentine. Wire cylinders 18 to 24 inches high set into the ground around the trunk will prevent meadow voles from girdling the tree.Tree guards should be large enough to allow for 5 years of growth. They are rarely, if ever, found westward in the zone of sparse rainfall. Observations on the life history of the northern pine mouse. Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity - Standard Methods for Mammals. For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. Females may bear many litters, but average only 1-2 per year. Paul, J.R. 1970. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. A diminutive harvest mouse like R. montanus, but upperparts deep brown or gray, heavily mixed with black, especially on the mid-dorsal area; ears blackish all over rather than dark at the base and light at the tip; tail about as long as head and body, the dark dorsal and light ventral stripes about equal in width. Vole populations in New York orchards. Although it prefers deciduous forests comprised of oak, maple and/or beech, the woodland vole can potentially be found in any forest type. The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. Pp. 1970. Miller, D.H. and L.L. Large-scale fencing of areas is probably not cost-effective. Syracuse, NY 13210 Their bod­ies have be­come mod­i­fied for their par­tially sub­ter­ranean habi­tat by a re­duc­tion of the eyes, ex­ter­nal ears, and tail. Shallow mounds of soil accumulate on the surface but are often hidden under the leaf litter. var addthis_config = {"data_track_addressbar":true}; They weigh between 14 and 37 g. Males and females look alike. Journal of Mammalogy, 51:779-785. Microtus pinetorum. Family: Cricetidae. Feel Free to call with any questions on pest control. Pest ControlServices. Some research suggests the species may be most active during twilight and evening hours. 1969. Woodland voles do not create surface runways, but dig shallow tunnels 2.5-5.0 cm (1-2 in) in diameter, that permeate the forest floor, to depths of 7.6-10.0 cm (3-4 in), occasionally deeper. Our pest control specialists service all NYC boroughs, including Queens, Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Long Island (both Nassau & Suffolk counties), Staten Island and even both Westchester & Rockland counties. A typical vole litter has 5 to 8 baby voles in it but it could have … Habits: . Although they sometimes use surface runways in grassy areas, they are more inclined to spend their time in underground galleries that they dig for themselves or usurp from moles, short-tailed shrews, or other small mammals. Activity and Movement: Woodland voles neither climb nor swim well, and spend much of their time walking or running within the tunnel system. Benton, A.H. 1955. Journal of Mammalogy, 41:275. • Low Cost, High Quality, Friendly • Professional In future versions of the Rare Species Explorer, we hope to incorporate natural community fidelity ranks for each taxon. Breeding from first week of February to first week of November. These guards will also protect against rabbit damage. US Status: No Status/Not Listed The fur is short, soft, and silky, almost mole-like in texture. Getz. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal. The dor­sal re­gion varies from light to dark brown in color. At birth, a woodland voles weighs about 2.6g (0.09 oz), is blind, and apart from tiny whiskers and a few fuzzy hairs on the back, naked. The normal home range of individuals appears to be about one-tenth of a hectare. Mammalian Species, 147, 7pp. Gourley, R.S. Many tunnels are just under the matted layer of organic debris. The woodland vole shows many adaptations for its burrowing lifestyle. The eyes are small; the ears short and nearly hidden by the fur surrounding them. 1972. Hamilton, W.J., Jr. 1938. The woodland vole shows many adaptations for its burrowing lifestyle. In the Adirondacks, it chiefly resides in deciduous and mixed forests where soils are loose and covered with a thick leaf litter. These mice occur largely in woodland areas where ground cover in the form of leaf litter and lodged grasses offers suitable protection. The back and sides are auburn or chestnut; the throat, belly and feet are gray to buffy gray. Wire guards made of 1⁄4-inch hardware cloth will help prevent meadow vole damage to small trees and shrubs. The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. Woodland voles are active year round, day and night. Life history notes on Microtus pinetorum in central Connecticut, Journal of Mammalogy, 50:777-784. The eyes open at 7-9 days, about the same age as a coat of hair and the ability to crawl vigorously develop. Reproduction in the pine vole, Microtus pinetorum. Life history notes on the northern pine mouse. Such travel lanes, about 11⁄2 inches wide, are reliable indicators of meadow vole activity. Baker, R.H. 1983. There is al­most no sex­ual di­mor­phism within the species. Voles keep these runways free of obstructions, and vegetation near well-traveled runways may be clipped close to the ground. [CDATA[ These animals regulate their body temperature with great precision when they are active. The woodland vole occurs in deciduous woodlands with loose sandy soils, deep humus, and heavy leaf litter. It can also be found in orchards. The woodland vole depends on litter cover near surface runways, so heavy leaf litter and grass cover are desirable. Overhanging vegetation provides cover as they travel along runways. 315-470-6500 Will Travel, Find Exterminator To Deal With Your Home Infestation, Signs Of Termite Infestation In Your House, Dealing With Termite Infestation In The House, Pest Control Company For Home & Office Care, Pest Control Service To Deal With Infestation, What To Search For In A Pest Control Compnay, Understanding The Biological Pest Control, Factors While Hiring A Pest Control Provider, Pest Management For Home & Office Building, Understanding Of Gardening & Pest Control. Nests 15-18 cm (6-7 in) in diameter and made from dry leaves, grass, and rootlets are either a few centimeters underground or near the surface and under objects such as logs. Weaning is complete at 17-21 days, and breeding may commence at 2-3 months. Each nest has several openings leading to adjacent tunnels. 1 Forestry Drive N.Y. Pine Mouse Symposium-Kingston. The ven­tral sur­face is whitish or sil­very. If your objective is to discourage the species, keep grassy areas of orchards mowed short rather than using poison to remove woodland voles. Although it prefers deciduous forests comprised of oak, maple and/or beech, the woodland vole can potentially be found in any forest type. Schadler, M.H. Add to that the fact that voles’ gestation period is 16 – 24 days, depending on the vole’s exact sub-species and external circumstances, and a female vole can have her first litter as early as the end of her first month of life. Underground, woodland voles may consume small roots, girdle large roots, and eat bark from the base of trees. What makes wild boar most successful, however, is their incredibly varied diet. When populations are low, and damage is not extreme, exclusion or trapping may be the most economical means of avoiding damage. The gestation period is reported as 24 days. The woodland vole is a small mouse-like rodent (4.3 to 5.5 inches/11 to 14 cm) with short, dense, reddish-brown fur, small eyes and ears (0.4-0.5 in/1-1.3 cm), and a short tail (0.7-0.9 in/1.8 - 2.4 cm) barely longer than the hindfoot. They begin to acquire adult pelage at about 4 weeks of age. Reproduction: Breeding may take place during any month of the year, but in this region, woodland voles are more apt to breed from early spring until late autumn. Privacy Policy | Information | Webmaster, A campus of the State University of New York Woodland voles do not create surface runways, but dig shallow tunnels 2.5-5.0 cm in diameter, that permeate the forest floor, to depths of 7.6-10.0 cm , occasionally deeper. They undergo deep seasonal hibernation, and have a high lower critical temperature. The fur on the back varies from light to dark brown in color. It can also be found in orchards. The belly fur is whitish or silvery. Both the latin pinetorum and another common name, the pine vole, refer to a habitat this rodent occupies only in the Southeast.