So Rev. This lack of recognition on the part of Jesus’ opponents will have ominous consequences (foreshadowed in his saying about the bridegroom being “taken away,” Mark 2:20); the world’s present order is built not around serving human need, but about domination and drawing clear boundaries between insiders and outsiders to preserve power and status. These are not trivial concerns, and the trick is to highlight the contrast between the Pharisees’ vision of God’s will for humanity and that of Jesus in Mark without denigrating Judaism as a whole. The thread running through these controversies is that human need — for wholeness, for acceptance, for sustenance, for healing — is much more fundamental to God’s will for humanity than maintaining the present — soon to be old — order. Three things hold this section together compositionally: It’s more or less a “ring composition,” or “chiasm,” in which the healing of the paralytic and its controversy (Mark 2:1-12) correspond to the healing of the man with the withered hand at the end of the series, which also generates controversy in much the same way (Mark 3:1-6); moving inward, two controversies about eating — dinner with Levi (Mark 2:13-17) and plucking grain on the Sabbath (23-28) — frame the central story about fasting, which issues in sayings about the bridegroom, the cloth, and new wineskins at the center of the composition. However, Christ called this publican to follow him. The Pharisees' ritual fasting was an old garment for which a new piece of cloth was useless. Mark 2:21. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. : this final clause, bracketed in W. and H(14), with the βλητέον, probably inserted from Lk., gives very pithy expression to the principle taught by the parable: but new wine into new skins! We have, first, Christ’s vindication of His consorting with the lowest. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins.'" 1917. These two cases are designed to express the incongruity of mourning and fasting on the part of the disciples, while their Lord was with them. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". : and the wine is lost, also the skins.— ἀλλὰ, etc. See Hort, Judaistic Christianity, pp. Amen. Our Savior teaches that life cannot be a mixture of two opposite principles. His new way must completely replace our old worldly ways so that we walk in newness of life. https: Mark 2:18-22 Old Coats and New Wine (London) SW-Admin 2017-03-22T04:44:59-07:00. The double illustration enforces the lesson. But new wine into fresh wineskins (αλλα οινον νεον εις ασκους καινους — alla oinon neon eis askous kainous). ‘And no man puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the wine will burst the skins, and the wine perishes, and the skins. And, occupied as they were by the Romans at the time, maintaining order was paramount. A skilled oral performer of the text would be able to bring this structure out in such a way that its main theme, made explicit in the centerpiece, is prominently emphasized: There’s a new kid in town with a new way of operating. While these examples are valuable in their own right, they do not stand on their own. The fearful striving for self-preservation that prevents people from crossing boundaries for others is a human problem, and we see it today in both Jewish and Christian communities. But they put new wine into fresh wineskins.’. Bibliography"Commentary on Mark 2:22". Christ proved his power to forgive sin, by showing his power to cure the man sick of the palsy. Darby New skins, however, were strong enough to stretch without bursting. But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days. Every observance respecting it, is to be interpreted by the rule of mercy. In Romans 14 we have the best practical commentary on His words. Once more the emphasis is on the fact that in this new age which was beginning, the old outward things must be done away. Hist. In this section, Mark makes it pretty clear where he thinks Jesus stands on these issues. What’s all the fuss about? God never designed it to be a burden to us, therefore we must not make it so to ourselves. https: It was not fitting to mix His doctrines with the old and corrupt doctrines of the Pharisees. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. The centrality of conflict in Mark is also born out by the care with which Mark composes this section (unless he already received the stories in this form): the healing of the paralytic is the first in a series of so-called controversy stories, which go through 3:6. The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings Read more. With God, through Christ, there is mercy to pardon the greatest sins, and grace to change the greatest sinners, and make them holy. Things move quickly in the opening chapters of Mark’s account of Jesus. Finally, the section is punctuated with pronouncements by Jesus which begin to make clear what he’s really on about: “The Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins” (Mark 2:10); “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick; I have come to call not the righteous but sinners” (Mark 2:17); “No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak … And no one puts new wine into old wineskins” (21-22); and “The Sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the Sabbath; so the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath” (27-28; this last pronouncement is underscored by Jesus’ healing on the Sabbath, 3:1-6). And again He entered Capernaum after some days, and it was heard that He was in the house.Immediately many gathered together, so that there was no longer room to receive them, not even near the door.And He preached the word to them. However, if new wine was put into old skins (hardened and no longer elastic), the fermentation process would burst them, resulting in the loss of both the wine and the wineskins. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). By the end of the first chapter, he’s gone from being just one of the crowd who had come out for John’s baptism, to being so sought-after — a Superstar, really — that he has to go into hiding (Mark 1:35); no wonder, though, since Mark records three distinct healings in the chapter (one an exorcism), and, in summary fashion, indicates there were countless more (1:32-34). Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. By the end they are so incensed that they immediately begin to plan to “destroy him” (Mark 3:6) — and this resolve hangs like a pall over the story from here on out. See note on Matt. John Trapp Complete Commentary. It was this man's misery that he needed to be so carried, and shows the suffering state of human life; it was kind of those who so carried him, and teaches the compassion that should be in men, toward their fellow-creatures in distress.