Although initially grown only as a curiosity in Europe because of its erroneous reputation as a poisonous fruit, L. esculentum has now become one of the most important vegetables worldwide. The seed is a flattened ovoid, measuring 3-5 mm x 2-4 mm, up to 250 per fruit, light brown and hairy. Don't plant tomatoes in the same soil two years in a row to avoid disease carry-over. return (true); near ground) may be infected and damaged by, /Chromista/Oomycota/Peronosporea/Peronosporales/Peronosporaceae/Phytophthora nicotianae/, infects and damages live fruit (esp. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. There are 6 stamens, with bright yellow anthers, conically arranged, surrounding the style and prolonged into a sterile beak. 3. TheButtonPintrest.href += "&media=" + TheImage.src; Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained garden soils in full sun. Collectively, the species in this group apart fro… The related species of cultivated L. esculentum are native and widely distributed in this region. Seed can be sown directly in larger patio containers outside around the last frost date. 8: Vegetables. They have soft, pungent, hairy stems and branches profusely (pinch out tips to promote good fruiting). Long periods of flooding are detrimental to L. esculentum growth and development. Hide Ascomycete Fungi Space plants every 2-4’ within each row, depending on type. Small yellow flowers turn to green globular succulent fruit that mature, in sunny conditions, to red, yellow or sometimes even stripy fruit. The common tomato, Lycopersicon esculentumMill., belongs to an extremely diverse and large family the Solanaceae. Based in South Australia, specialising in mainstream, rare and unusual perennial plants along with roses and ornamental trees. The petiole is 3-6 cm long. Novelty (e.g., yellow and orange-skinned) and heirloom (old fashioned varieties) tomatoes are also available.Genus name comes from the Greek words lykos meaning a wolf and persicon meaning a peach originally the name of an Egyptian plant, later transferred to this American genus.Specific epithet means edible or good to eat. Hide Saprobes, Hide Fungi Seedlings have a thin taproot and cordate cotyledons. 2. Lycopersicon esculentum - yellow flowers and new fruit, Lycopersicon esculentum - the everyday tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum - so many varieties, this one mid way between yellow and red, bred to be low acid. Lycopersicon esculentum are annuals, or short-lived perennials grown for succulent fruit. Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Lycopersicon esculentum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Lycopersicon esculentum ,Andenhorn, . Varieties are either determinate (bushy with fruit produced at terminal buds) or indeterminate (more vine-like with indefinite stem growth). TheButtonPintrest = document.getElementById("ButtonPintrest"); The optimum temperature range for growth and development is between 21-24°C. SOLANACEAE - Nightshade/Potato family: Genus: Lycopersicon: Species: Lycopersicon esculentum Miller - Garden Tomato: Citation. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Astrakhan Fish Canning and Freezing Combine, Evaluating the Allelopathic Effect of Jatropha curcas Aqueous Extract on Germination, Radicle and Plumule Length of Crops, Effects of increasing salinity and [sup.15]N-labelled urea levels on growth, N uptake, and water use efficiency of young tomato plants, Effect of priming temperature on storability of primed sh-2 sweet corn seed. Often refered to as the Nightshade family, this family contains many of our commonly cultivated plants (potato, peppers, eggplant, tobacco, petunias, tomatillo) and various weeds (nightshades, jimson weed). No. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 26, 2020. Filters: Show All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes. /Proteobacteria/Betaproteobacteria/Burkholderia cepacia/, /Plantae/Tracheophyta/Magnoliopsida/Solanales/Solanaceae/Lycopersicon esculentum/, (Tobacco Whitefly, Sweet-potato Whitefly), /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Hemiptera/Aleyrodidae/Bemisia tabaci/, (tobacco whitefly, sweet-potato whitefly), Indoors, in greenhouse, captivity, culture or experimentally induced, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Hemiptera/Aphididae/Myzus (Nectarosiphon) persicae/, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Hemiptera/Pseudococcidae/Phenacoccus/, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Sordariomycetes/Plectosphaerellaceae/Verticillium/, may be infected and damaged by colony of Fusarium anamorph, Fusarium Wilt Of Tomato - causative organism, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Sordariomycetes/Hypocreales/Nectriaceae/Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. To. L. esculentum was introduced into Europe in already fairly advanced stage of domestication soon after the discovery of the New World. Solanum lycopersicum L., Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Karsten. michiganensis, Cmm, tomato bacterial canker (causative organism), corky root may be infected and damaged by mycelium, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Pyrenochaeta lycopersici/, live fruit (esp. near ground), rotting fruit (sepal end) may be infected and damaged by Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph, Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph infects and damages rotting fruit (sepal end), fruit may be infected and damaged by colony, Tomato Leaf Miner, South American Tomato Moth, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Lepidoptera/Gelechiidae/Tuta absoluta/, tomato leaf miner, South American tomato moth, aborted ("dry set") fruit may be infected and damaged by, TMV, Tomato Common Mosaic Disease (Causative Organims), TMV, tomato common mosaic disease (causative organims), infects and damages aborted ("dry set") fruit, browned or russeted fruit is parasitised by, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Arachnida/Trombidiformes/Eriophyidae/Aculops lycopersici/, distorted or marbled fruit may be infected and damaged by, infects and damages distorted or marbled fruit, live, green fruit may be infected and damaged by subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph, Tomato Stem and Fruit Rot - causative organism, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Pleosporales/Didymellaceae/Didymella lycopersici/, tomato stem and fruit rot - causative organism, subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black, subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph infects and damages live, green fruit, live, green fruit may be infected and damaged by erumpent pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Pleosporales/Phoma destructiva/, erumpent pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph infects and damages live, green fruit, live, ripe, rotten fruit is foodplant of acervulus of Colletotrichum coelomycetous anamorph, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Sordariomycetes/Glomerellaceae/Glomerella phomoides/, acervulus of Colletotrichum coelomycetous anamorph feeds on live, ripe, rotten fruit, live, ripe fruit may be infected and damaged by subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph, subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph infects and damages live, ripe fruit, live, ripe fruit may be infected and damaged by erumpent pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph, erumpent pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph infects and damages live, ripe fruit, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Lepidoptera/Noctuidae/Lacanobia oleracea/, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Lepidoptera/Gelechiidae/Keiferia lycopersicella/, live fruit may be infected and damaged by colony, Potato Blight, Potato Late Blight & Tomato Blight (Causative Agent), /Chromista/Oomycota/Peronosporea/Peronosporales/Peronosporaceae/Phytophthora infestans/, potato blight, potato late blight & tomato blight (causative agent), live fruit may be infected and damaged by Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph, Tomato Leaf Mould Disease - causative organism, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Capnodiales/Mycosphaerellaceae/Passalora fulva/, tomato leaf mould disease - causative organism, Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph infects and damages live fruit, live fruit is spotted by scattered, black pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Capnodiales/Mycosphaerellaceae/Septoria lycopersici/, scattered, black pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph causes spots on live fruit, live fruit may be infected and damaged by immersed pseudothecium, immersed pseudothecium infects and damages live fruit, live fruit is spotted by Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Dothideomycetes/Pleosporales/Pleosporaceae/Alternaria tomato/, Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph causes spots on live fruit, live fruit may be infected and damaged by Botrytis dematiaceous anamorph, Grey Mould, Soft Rot Of Fruit, Tomato Ghost Spot Disease - causative organism, /Fungi/Ascomycota/Leotiomycetes/Helotiales/Sclerotiniaceae/Botrytis cinerea/, grey mould, soft rot of fruit, tomato ghost spot disease (causative organism), Botrytis dematiaceous anamorph infects and damages live fruit, rotten fruit may be infected and damaged by subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph, subepidermal then erumpent, brown or brownish black pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph infects and damages rotten fruit, rotten fruit may be infected and damaged by immersed pseudothecium, immersed pseudothecium infects and damages rotten fruit, brown, dead leaf (lower) may be infected and damaged by colony, colony infects and damages brown, dead leaf (lower), yellowed, wilting leaf (upper) may be infected and damaged by colony, Tomato Pith Necrosis - causative organism, /Proteobacteria/Gammaproteobacteria/Pseudomonadales/Pseudomonadaceaea/Pseudomonas corrugata/, tomato pith necrosis - causative organism, colony infects and damages yellowed, wilting leaf (upper), leaf (young) (live, slightly distorted and discoloured), live, slightly distorted and discoloured leaf (young) has sap sucked by, /Animalia/Arthropoda/Insecta/Hemiptera/Aphididae/Aulacorthum solani/, sucks sap of live, slightly distorted and discoloured leaf (young), wilting on sunny days leaf (young) may be infected and damaged by, infects and damages wilting on sunny days leaf (young), leaf may be infected and damaged by hypophyllous sporangium, /Chromista/Oomycota/Peronosporea/Peronosporales/Peronosporaceae/Peronospora hyoscyami f.sp.