.manual-search ul.usa-list li {max-width:100%;} In 1997, the Coalition for Genetic Fairness (CGF) was formed by several patient and civil rights groups to spearhead genetic nondiscrimination legislation on Capitol Hill. Title II prohibits employment discrimination. Il Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (anche detto GINA) è una legge adottata dal Congresso degli Stati Uniti che proibisce l'utilizzo di informazioni genetiche nell'assicurazione sanitaria e nel contratto di lavoro. 1-866-4-USA-DOL, Employee Benefits Security Administration, Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Benefits, Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA), Improving Investment Advice for Workers & Retirees, Delinquent Filer Voluntary Compliance Program (DFVCP), FAQs on the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, Your Genetic Information and Your Health Plan - Know the Protections Against Discrimination, Interim Final Rules with Request for Comment, Compliance Assistance Guide - Health Benefits Coverage Under Federal Law, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. An act to prohibit discrimination on the basis of genetic information with respect to health insurance and employment. .usa-footer .container {max-width:1440px!important;} @media (max-width: 992px){.usa-js-mobile-nav--active, .usa-mobile_nav-active {overflow: auto!important;}} Where discrimination on the basis of protected group status is concerned, a single act of discrimination may be based on membership in more than one protected group. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2007 was introduced into the United States House of Representatives as H.R. Act of the United States Congress that was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. [4] The umbrella of genetic discrimination includes the notion of informed consent, which refers to an individual's right to make a decision about their participation in research with complete comprehension of the research study. It didn't matter how much I lied on my resume. This point of view thus regards GINA as important for the advancement of personalized medicine.[17]. p.usa-alert__text {margin-bottom:0!important;} [22] Introduced as a private member's bill S-201 by Nova Scotia senator Jim Cowan, the bill was passed in the Senate and, despite opposition from the Liberal government's Cabinet in the House of Commons, it was also passed in the lower house with the support of backbench Liberals and the totality of the Conservative, New Democratic and Green Party caucuses. If in doubt, a legal drug test can just as easily become an illegal peek at your future in the company. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 11 novembre 2020 à 01:55. These genetic kits are expensive and disproportionately serve wealthy individuals. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. These tests can predict the risk of disease in adults, as well as establish prenatal and infant prognoses. [33] By offering optional genetic testing to workers and allowing only the workers to see their own results, employers could protect genetically susceptible individuals from certain occupational diseases. The act bars the use of genetic information in health insurance and employment: it prohibits group health plans and health insurers from denying coverage to a healthy individual or charging that person higher premiums based solely on a genetic predisposition to developing a disease in the future, and it bars employers from using individuals' genetic information when making hiring, firing, job placement, or promotion decisions. The Executive Order also provided explicit genetic privacy regulations within the federal government. Patriot Act. [22] The Act also forbids anyone from refusing to enter into a goods or services agreement with another person on the grounds that that person has refused to disclose the results of an already completed genetic test. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? 881, enacted May 21, 2008, GINA /ˈdʒiː.nə/ JEE-nə), is an Act of Congress in the United States designed to prohibit some types of genetic discrimination. It had been subject of a "Secret hold" placed by Tom Coburn, Republican U.S. senator from Oklahoma.[13].