2-man in the NSW Labor Party" (J. Kane) and the "secretary of the Australian Rules Football Association of Queensland" (Mr Polgrain) were Santamaria's "top lieutenants in The Movement". He founded the Australian Family Association and the Thomas More Centre (for Traditional Catholicism) to extend the work of the NCC. During the 1960s and 1970s Santamaria regularly warned of the dangers of communism in Southeast Asia, and supported South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War. In 1972 Arthur Calwell, a leading Catholic Labor politician, confirmed that Santamaria had "dodged" war service after Mannix had approached him to gain the exemption. In Victoria, Dr Mannix strongly supported Santamaria, but in New South Wales, Norman Cardinal Gilroy, the first Australian-born Roman Catholic prelate, opposed him, favouring the traditional alliance between the Church and Labor. He was a guiding influence in the founding of the Democratic Labor Party (DLP). He finished his secondary education at St Kevin's College as dux of the school. [9] It was noted in a news report of the time that all four were likely to appeal to the federal ALP executive and that they had the support of then Prime Minister Bob Hawke. Places. [citation needed]. I want the country to know that these three men who have been pestering and opposing and demonstrating against the Australian Labor Party for the last 30 years were people who dodged military service'. Moreover, I have been requested by my numerous and trusted friends, who happen to be Catholic, to fight against the influence of Mr. Santamaria and those he represents, when he seeks to implement his ideas through an abuse of a political movement, designed to serve a truly political purpose."[5]. Holt considered this "a direct threat" which was confirmed when another M.L.A. [6] The libel action was withdrawn, without explanation, in April 1955. For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us. [9] The Federated Clerks' Union and three others similarly aligned 'right-wing' unions – the Shop, Distributive and Allied Employees Association, the Federated Ironworkers' Association of Australia and the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners – had their re-affiliation cases considered by a special Victorian ALP committee of ten which split on the decision 5 against 5 and had submitted separate reports to the State Conference. [citation needed], During World War II, Santamaria gained an exemption from military service. For his part, McManus suggested that Dougherty "appeared to have contracted an ailment from one of his political colleagues ... the chief symptom of this ailment was that the sufferer believed he was always detecting conspiracy theories". Santamaria was born in Melbourne. Reconstructionist Judaism Founded in the mid-1930s by Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, Reconstructionist Judaism became the first uniquely American Jewish movement. When he refused, "Santamaria stated that I might not be in the next parliament", and Scully agreed. However, his political role gradually declined. in the “eighties” (1979) Australia Defence Association, The movement into the eighties : a study paper (1981) National Civic Council, The challenge of the eighties : a study paper (1981) National Civic Council Extension Committee, Test tube babies? Seven Labor MPs, elected from Victoria and associates of Santamaria, criticised Evatt's leadership over the next four years. Try He later married Dorothy Jensen, his long-time secretary. Functions, occupations and activities. In 1937 he was persuaded by Archbishop Daniel Mannix to join the National Secretariat of Catholic Action, a lay activist organisation. Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules. Santamaria was married in 1939 and had eight children. His followers, known as Groupers, continued to control a number of important unions. [11] Ultimately, all four returned as ALP affiliated unions in some form; the Federated Clerks' Union amalgamated into the affiliated Australian Services Union in 1993, the Shop, Distributive and Allied Employees Association is a current ALP affiliated union, while the Federated Ironworkers' Association of Australia and the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners amalgamated with the affiliated Australian Workers' Union. Legal status. Catholic Social Studies Movement 1 Items that share the Concept Catholic Social Studies Movement I had 50,000 bosses : memoirs of a Labor backbencher 1946-1975, Gil Duthie Directed by B.A. Dates of existence. He was the first editor of the paper which declared itself opposed to both communism and capitalism. Their sons were exempted, all of them, because they were employed in reserve institutions as were their fathers. On his death Santamaria was praised by conservatives for his opposition to communism, but also by some on the left (such as veteran left-wing Labor ex-Cabinet Minister Clyde Cameron) and by social democrats (such as former Governor-General Bill Hayden) for his consistent critique of unrestricted capitalism.