[10], The motif was used as a fugue subject by Bach's son Johann Christian, and by his pupil Johann Ludwig Krebs. After becoming familiar with Bach's works, Liszt developed the highest respect for the old German master, and this is perhaps evident in the way the BACH theme pervades the music in nearly maniacal fashion. Answer – subject imitated in another voice. Prof Christophe Fraser & Prof Oliver Pybus in conversation: "21st century technologies for tackling 21st century pandemics”, PONToon Virtual Symposium: Digital Innovation and Female Empowerment, Life with the coronavirus vaccine: a look ahead. It also appears in a work by Georg Philipp Telemann.[11]. Bach also added a quadruple fugue, a subject constructed on the musical letters of his own name: B-A-C-H (B and H being the German note names B-flat and B-natural). The motif also appears in the end of the fourth variation of Bach's Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", as well as in other pieces. His The Well-Tempered Clavier (1722 and 1742), after all, was intended for harpsichord instruction; The Art of Fugue may have been meant to serve the same purpose. Would love your thoughts, please comment. The autograph fair copy from around 1742 represents. The Art of Fugue reveals Bach’s preoccupation with counterpoint and the canon. Its overall organizational design is based on two points. As usual Bach gives us almost no performance indications whatsoever, so it is each performer’s obligation to impart to each component of this work its own distinct character. Ivashkin, Alexander (2009) Liner notes to BIS complete symphony cycle, BIS-CD-1767-68, Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, "B-A-C-H motif in Oboe Concerto, TWV 51:D6 (Telemann, Georg Philipp)", List of compositions with the theme "B-A-C-H", International Music Score Library Project, Masses, Mass movements, Magnificats, Passions and Oratorios, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=BACH_motif&oldid=984463857, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template without a link parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 06:39. See if you can identify the subject and answers throughout the piece. Bach also added a quadruple fugue, a subject constructed on the musical letters of his own name: B-A-C-H (B and H being the German note names B-flat and B-natural). Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Sir Nigel Shadbolt in conversation: "The Web, internet and data during the pandemic: lessons learnt and new directions". Because the composer died before the proofs were ready for inspection, finalization of the collection fell to Bach’s surviving sons, four of whom were also composers; they guessed as best they could about their father’s intended ordering. Daniel Herscovitch does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. [7] A few mid-19th century works that feature the motif prominently are: Composers found that the motif could be easily incorporated not only into the advanced harmonic writing of the 19th century, but also into the totally chromatic idiom of the Second Viennese School; so it was used by Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and their disciples and followers. The result is more than a study of fugue: it is a compendium of the range offered by the utmost concentration and the highest technical demands of instrumental counterpoint. In this sense, a fugue is a style of composition, rather than a fixed structure. The revisions and additions considerably broadened the conceptual and compositional dimensions of the work. Johann Sebastian Bach – The Learned Musician, pgs 433-437, Half a Billion Bees Drop Dead in Brazil Amid Jump in Pesticide Use, The Germanic Philatelic Art of Wilhelm Dachauer, A Resurrected Affirmation of Life, Enchanted in its Admiration of the Strong and Beautiful, Trump Administration Displays Its Love for Israel, This is How They Get the Numbers to Scare the Normal Population About a Fake Virus, UK Government Proposes “Freedom Passes” To Get ‘Safe’ People Back To Work, Truth Hertz: Be Thankful for Our COVID Caretakers (11-23-20), Solar Storm: The Great “Shut It Down” (11-22-20), Blitz: Lockdowns Are Weapons of Mass Destruction (11-19-20), Truth Hertz: For Yahweh’s Sake (11-17-20), Truth Hertz: Headlines from Hell (11-16-20). In a comprehensive study published in the catalogue for the 1985 exhibition "300 Jahre Johann Sebastian Bach" ("300 years of Johann Sebastian Bach") in Stuttgart, Germany, Ulrich Prinz lists 409 works by 330 composers from the 17th to the 20th century using the BACH motif. 4, Read “Forms: Contrapuntal Composition Techniques: The Fugue”, Read “Forms: Contrapuntal Composition Techniques: After the Exposition”. I – III, which received longer concluding sections, and the canon no. Thus after the solemn opening fugue, the second fugue might almost be felt as a parody. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony... Johann Sebastian Bach, portrait by Elias Haussman, 1746. The Art of Fugue, though linked to earlier fugue compositions, moves to a level that is utterly novel. Ivashkin, Alexander (2009) Liner notes to BIS complete symphony cycle, BIS-CD-1767-68, Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, "B-A-C-H motif in Oboe Concerto, TWV 51:D6 (Telemann, Georg Philipp)", List of compositions with the theme "B-A-C-H", International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=BACH_motif&oldid=984463857, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 06:39. This article is appears in conjunction with upcoming performances by Daniel Herscovitch of The Art of Fugue at Brisbane Conservatorium at 7.30 pm on April 5, Canberra ANU School of Music at 6.30 pm on April 21 and Melbourne at Monash University Clayton Campus Music Auditoriumon at 2 pm on April 28. However, to assert that it is playable on the harpsichord is very different from saying that it was conceived for that instrument. Thus about 30 copies of the Art of Fugue were bought, and later the copper plates used in the printing process were sold by his sons as scrap, in the hope of recouping some of the costs.